Pathophysiology of Lumbar Disc Degeneration: A Review of the Literature

Michael D. Martin, MD, Christopher M. Boxell, MD, FACS, and David G. Malone, MD Neurosurg Focus. 2002;13(2) Abstract Lumbar disc degeneration occurs because of a variety of factors and results in a multitude of conditions. Alterations in the vertebral endplate cause loss of disc nutrition and disc degeneration. Aging, apoptosis, abnormalities in collagen, vascular ingrowth,…

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Manual Therapy, Physical Therapy, or Continued Care by a General Practitioner for Patients with Neck Pain

Jan Lucas Hoving, PT, PhD Background: Neck pain is a common problem, but the effectiveness of frequently applied conservative therapies has never been directly compared. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of manual therapy, physical therapy, and continued care by a general practitioner. Design: Randomized, controlled trial. Setting: Outpatient care setting in the Netherlands. Patients: 183…

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Neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation

Joel G Pickar, DC, PhD The Spine Journal Volume 2, Issue 5, September–October 2002, Pages 357–371 Abstract Background context: Despite clinical evidence for the benefits of spinal maniputation and the apparent wide usage of it, the biological mechanisms underlying the effects of spinal manipulation are not known. Although this does not negate the clinical effects…

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Forward Head Posture and Cervical Spine Degeneration

Evaluation of axial and flexural stresses in the vertebral body cortex and trabecular bone in lordosis and two sagittal cervical translation configurations with an elliptical shell model Harrison DE, et al. Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2002 Jul-Aug;25(6):391-401. Affiliation Comment in J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Nov-Dec;26(9):608; author reply 608-12. Abstract BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis and spinal degeneration are…

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The Webster Technique: A chiropractic technique with obstetric implications – Full Text Article

Richard A. Pistolese, DC Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Volume 25, Issue 6 , Pages E1-E9, July 2002 Full Text Article Abstract Objective: To survey members of the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association (ICPA); regarding the use of the Webster Technique for managing the musculoskeletal causes of intrauterine constraint, which may necessitate cesarean section. Methods:…

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Statins and risk of polyneuropathy

Press Release American Academy of Neurology Statin Drugs May Increase Risk of Peripheral Neuropathy May 13, 2002 St. Paul, Minn. – Statin drugs can increase the risk of developing peripheral neuropathy, according to a study published in the May 14 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Peripheral neuropathy results…

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The Efficacy of Duct Tape vs Cryotherapy in the Treatment of Verruca Vulgaris (the Common Wart)

Dean R. Focht III, MD; Carole Spicer, RN; Mary P. Fairchok, MD Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002;156(10):971-974. doi:10.1001/archpedi.156.10.971. ABSTRACT Objective To determine if application of duct tape is as effective as cryotherapy in the treatment of common warts. Design A prospective, randomized controlled trial with 2 treatment arms for warts in children. Setting The general…

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Chiropractic care of a patient with temporomandibular disorder and atlas subluxation

Joel Alcantara, DC Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Volume 25, Issue 1 , Pages 63-70, January 2002 Abstract Objective: To describe the chiropractic care of a patient with cervical subluxation and complaints associated with temporomandibular disorder. Clinical Features: A 41-year-old woman had bilateral ear pain, tinnitus, vertigo, altered or decreased hearing acuity, and headaches. She had a…

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Rare but serious complications of acupuncture: traumatic lesions

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The sacroiliac part of the iliolumbar ligament

J Anat. 2001 Oct; 199(Pt 4): 457–463. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-7580.2001.19940457.x PMCID: PMC1468356 A. L. POOL-GOUDZWAARD Abstract The iliolumbar ligament has been described as the most important ligament for restraining movement at the lumbosacral junction. In addition, it may play an important role in restraining movement in the sacroiliac joints. To help understand its presumed restraining effect,…

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Philadelphia Panel Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines on Selected Rehabilitation Interventions for Low Back Pain – 2001

John Albright, MD, Clinical Specialty Expert Physical Therapy October 2001 vol. 81 no. 10 1641-1674 Abstract Introduction. A structured and rigorous methodology was developed for the formulation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (EBCPGs), then was used to develop EBCPGs for selected rehabilitation interventions for the management of low back pain. Methods. Evidence from randomized controlled…

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Are You Financing a Sham? (Physical Therapy Continuing Education)

Jules M Rothstein Published September 2001 Members of the public are becoming increasingly aware of their need to be actively involved in their own health care. Health care professionals who want to be humanistic welcome this new activism and applaud family members and patients who do their homework. Because family members and patients search the…

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Cervical Lordosis (reversed cervical curve) and Osteophyte Formation

Comparison of axial and flexural stresses in lordosis and three buckled configurations of the cervical spine. AuthorsHarrison DE, et al. Show all Journal Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2001 May;16(4):276-84. Affiliation Abstract OBJECTIVE: To calculate and compare combined axial and flexural stresses in lordosis versus buckled configurations of the sagittal cervical curve. DESIGN: Digitized measurements from…

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Acupuncture Superior to Drug Therapy for Migraines

Study Highlights the “Exceptional Usefulness” of Treatment By Editorial Staff Acupuncture Today April, 2001, Vol. 02, Issue 04 According to the National Headache Foundation, as many as 28 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches each year.1 Migraines can be caused by a variety of physical and environmental factors, including diet, stress, allergens, menstruation, and changes in…

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Orthopedic surgeon injures a patient with SMT treating for tinnitus

Kraft CN Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 2001 Jan-Feb;139(1):8-11. Abstract PURPOSE: Chirotherapy is a popular and successful management option for reversible functional disorders of the cervical spine. Though rarely observed, complications do occur, mainly involving the cerebrovascular system. By means of the here described case and a literature survey, we aim to highlight non-cerebrovascular complications of…

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Spinal Reflex Attenuation Associated With Spinal Manipulation

Dishman, J. Donald DC, MSc; Bulbulian, Ronald PhD Spine: 1 October 2000 – Volume 25 – Issue 19 – pp 2519-2525 Abstract Study Design. This study evaluated the effect of lumbosacral spinal manipulation with thrust and spinal mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the alpha motoneuronal pool in human subjects without low back pain.…

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Clinical utility of surface EMG

Special Article Clinical utility of surface EMG Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology This report reviews the clinical uses of surface electromyography (SEMG) as a diagnostic tool for neurologic disorders. SEMG is assessed with regard to the evaluation of patients with neuromuscular diseases, low back pain, and…

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Effect of chiropractic intervention on small scoliotic curves in younger subjects

Effect of chiropractic intervention on small scoliotic curves in younger subjects: A time-series cohort design Charles A. Lantz, DC, PhDa, Jasper Chen, DCb Received: March 2, 2000; Received in revised form: May 29, 2000 claimed to affect scoliotic curves, and case studies abound reporting on successful outcomes. No clinical trials exist, however, that evaluate chiropractic’s…

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Usefulness of posture training for patients with temporomandibular disorders

Wright EF, Domenech MA, Fischer JR Jr. J Am Dent Assoc. 2000 Feb;131(2):202-10. Abstract BACKGROUND: Many practitioners have found that posture training has a positive impact on temporomandibular, or TMD, symptoms. The authors conducted a study to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: Sixty patients with TMD and a primary muscle disorder were randomized into two groups:…

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A randomized controlled trial of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for migraine

Peter J. Tuchin, GradDipChiro, DipOHS, Henry Pollard, GradDipChiro, GradDipAppSc, Rod Bonello, DC, DO Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Volume 23, Issue 2 , Pages 91-95, February 2000 Abstract Objective: To assess the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the treatment of migraine. Design: A randomized controlled trial of 6 months’ duration. The trial consisted of…

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